What is human trafficking?

Human trafficking exists when a trafficker takes action against another person using at least one means, for the purpose of exploiting that person for financial or material gain.

Acts + Means + Purpose = Human Trafficking

All three elements must be present (except that child victims do not require illegal means).

Types of Trafficking

In international trafficking, a trafficker transports a citizen across borders from one country into another country in order to exploit them, using fraudulent or valid documents for entry. Domestic trafficking occurs within a country’s borders; the trafficked person may be a citizen, permanent resident, visitor, temporary worker or student.


While international trafficking dominates the media, there are also many instances of domestic trafficking in Canada, including London-Middlesex. Many of these are women who are being sexually exploited.