Additional Resources

Tip Sheets: Red Flags

These red flags are indicators that can alert a person to what a human trafficking situation might look like; they are not a checklist for determining a human trafficking case. The presence of one or more of these indicators suggests it is worth looking further into the situation.

  • Must work against his/her will
  • Cannot leave his/her current situation
  • Has been threatened with
    • Violence, against her/him or his/her loved ones
    • Arrest or deportation
    • Even worse working conditions
    • No pay
  • Is punished when he/she does something wrong
  • Can only leave home to go to work or that his/her activities outside of work are highly controlled
  • Sleeps where he/she works, or has no private space
  • Has moved from place to place often
  • Has limited or no control over his/her working conditions
  • Works excessively long hours with few breaks or days off
  • Has no money or access to money, or hands over his/her money to someone else
  • Is bonded by debt to another person
  • Does not have access to medical care
  • Has limited contact with friends or relatives

The person shows other signs that they are being abused or controlled – for example, the person:

  • Is fearful or anxious in general, or is afraid of the police or other authority specifically
  • Cannot leave his/her current situation.
  • Is always accompanied by someone else
  • Allows that other person to speak for her/him, even when you address them directly
  • Acts as if she’s/he’s following instructions, or talks as if she’s/he’s reading from a script
  • Cannot make an appointment on her/his own (she/he does not have control over her/his
    own schedule)
  • Has visible scars or injuries, such as bruises around her/his wrists from being tied up,
    or cigarette burns on the inside of her/his arms or legs
  • Does not have any identity documents, even false ones, or a health card or other
  • Is reluctant to tell you her name or other details about herself, or the names of others

Note: This information was adapted from

Other Websites

Human Trafficking in Canada
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Published March 2010
PDF (49 pages)
This report is a overview of human trafficking activities in Canada. It identifies the extent of organized crime involvement, transnational associations, source countries, as well as issues and challenges faced by law enforcement. The report also serves as a preliminary baseline of human trafficking activities affecting Canada in both the transnational and domestic perspectives.
Human Trafficking: Canada Is Not Immune
British Columbia Ministry of Justice
Office to Combat Trafficking in Persons
This website is a course for Canadian service providers on how to recognize, protect and assist a person who may have been trafficked.